County Formed: February 13, 1850
County Seat: Calhoun
Incorporated Cities: Calhoun, Fairmont, Ranger, Resaca and Plainville
Total Area: 355.2 square miles
Current Population Estimates (2009):1
- Gordon County – 53,292
- Calhoun – 14,740
- Fairmount – 813
- Plainville – 275
- Ranger – 94
- Resaca – 793
Gordon County was created in 1850 from parts of Floyd and Bartow counties. The 93rd county formed in the state was named after William Washington Gordon, who was president of what was then the Central Railroad and Banking Company and later became the Central of Georgia Railroad.
Calhoun was named for Senator John Calhoun. Originally, it was called Dawsonville. Calhoun was virtually wiped out by Sherman’s troops little more than a decade after being incorporated in 1852 but was rebuilt after the war.
Points of Interest:
Gordon County is the home of New Echota, which was once the capital of the Cherokee Nation. It was the birthplace of the written Cherokee language and the newspaper, The Cherokee Phoenix .
The county has numerous outdoor recreation opportunities. The Chattahoochee National Forest makes up a large part of the western part of the county. The Coosawattee and Conasauga rivers join to form the Oostanaula River, and there is also the Salacoa Creek Park, a 343-acre park with a 126-acre lake.
Gordon County was home to Roland Hayes, an internationally recognized classical singer in the 1920s. The Roland Hayes Museum, on the second floor of the new Harris Arts Center, is located in downtown Calhoun.
Coosa Valley Technical College has a satellite campus in Calhoun.
Each year a reenactment of the Battle of Resaca, the first battle on Atlanta Campaign, is held on the third weekend of May.
- Source: Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/popest.estimates.html; County Estimate Source: Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties for Georgia: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2010 (CO-EST2009-01-13) Release Date: March 2010. Incorporated Estimate Source: Table 4: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Georgia: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (SUB-EST2009-04-13) Release Date: September 2010. [↩]
- Georgia Department of Community Affairs [↩]